Your gums are an integral part of your periodontium apart from the cementum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. It maintains your oral health, vitality, and integrity. Gum disease can be a major cause of concern when your gum health is at stake! Infection and inflammation of the periodontium can hamper the teeth’s support and stability.

Fortunately, the dentist in San Jose CA, and their team offer comprehensive treatment options to help restore your gum health and integrity. This aids in the rehabilitation of your oral form, function, and aesthetics.

Understanding periodontal disease 

Periodontal disease or gum disease is a common dental problem, after tooth decay. This is characterized by the progressive destruction of the periodontium, which begins as an inflammation of the gums but may spread, progressing to the jawbone. If left untreated for a long time, periodontal disease can be the leading cause of tooth loss. 

Poor oral hygiene and bacterial infiltration pave the way for increased plaque accumulation, releasing harmful toxins and acids that cause infection and impair your body’s defense system. This results in an inflammatory response in your body causing symptoms like swollen, discolored, bleeding gums, receding gums, mobility, and tooth loss.

Treatment options for periodontal disease 

Treatment for periodontal disease depends on the stage. 

Non-surgical approach: For mild to moderate forms of periodontal disease

  • Antibiotics
    • These are prescribed in the form of oral drugs or topical gels and mouthwash to fight infection
  • Scaling and root planing
    • Dental cleanings are routine procedures that allow the dentist to eliminate plaque, calculus, and bacteria beneath the gum line. 
    • Deep scaling involves cleaning the tooth roots to make them smooth, preventing plaque adherence. 

Surgical approach: For moderate to severe forms of periodontal disease

  • Flap surgery
    • A flap incision is raised on your gums and repositioned to the area of the gum defect with an intact blood supply.
  • Bone grafting
    • This procedure helps to replace the lost bone thickness using a graft material. The graft may be your bone, donated bone, or a synthetic material.
  • Gum grafting
    • Gum grafting helps treat gum recession by placing a tissue graft around the affected teeth and suturing it. 
    • The graft is obtained from any part of your oral cavity that covers the exposed tooth roots.
  • Guided tissue regeneration
    • A special biocompatible material is placed between the bone and your tooth for a regenerative process.
  • Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy 
    • PRP is extracted from your blood sample and injected into the deficient areas to encourage bone growth. 

Identify the warning signs and seek dental care as soon as possible. Early detection can pave the way for a successful treatment and save your natural teeth. Advanced stages may be challenging to treat due to loss of attachment, and tooth mobility.

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